31st president of us

This list includes all people who have been sworn as President of the United States. George W.

Herbert Hoover

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from List of Presidents of the United States. For example, George Washington served two consecutive terms and is counted as the first president not the first and second. Upon the resignation of 37th president Richard NixonGerald Ford became the 38th president even though he simply served out the remainder of Nixon's second term and was never elected to the presidency in his own right.

Grover Cleveland was both the 22nd president and the 24th president because his two terms were not consecutive. A period during which a vice-president temporarily becomes Acting President under the Twenty-fifth Amendment is not a presidency, because the president remains in office during such a period.

Congress had not yet achieved a quorum. Richard Nixon was the first president to fill such a vacancy under the provisions of the Twenty-fifth Amendment when he appointed Gerald Ford. Ford later became the second president to fill a vice presidential vacancy when he appointed Nelson Rockefeller to succeed him. His political opponents attempted to refer to him as "Acting President", but he refused to allow that.

Clashed with Whig congressional leaders and was expelled from the Whig party in His failure to build a true National Union Party left Johnson without a party. Retrieved January 12, American Presidents: Life Portraits.

March 12, American Presidents: Life Portrait. American President. March 13, March 20, June 25, February 25, Biden Jr". January 20, Retrieved January 22, Categories : Presidents of the United States Lists of legislative speakers. Hidden category: Commons link is locally defined. Namespaces Page Talk. Views Read Change Change source View history. George Washington — [1] [2] [3]. April 30, [n 2]. Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army — John Adams — [4] [5] [6]. Vice President. March 4, [n 3].

Thomas Jefferson — [7] [8] [9]. Aaron Burr March 4, — March 4, George Clinton [n 4] March 4, — April 20, It was during his term March 4, — March 3, that the stock market crashed and led the country into the infamous Great Depression. Hoover was born in West Branch, Iowa on August 10, He was the first and only Iowan President in the history of the United States. His parents, both Quakers, are Jesse and Hulda Hoover.

Jesse Hoover, who was of German-Swiss descent, was a blacksmith, and farm implement dealer. Hoover was six when his father died from a heart attack. Three years later, his mother also passed away due to pneumonia. Initially, a fellow Quaker, Laurie Tatum, was named his guardian and took care of him until he later lived with one of his grandmothers in Kingsley, Iowa. His paternal uncle, Allen Hoover, who lived in West branch, took care of young Herbert for eighteen months.

Three years after his parents died, he left Iowa to live with his maternal uncle and aunt, John and Laura Minthorn in Oregon. Hernert attended the Friends Pacific Academy over the next two years. He later worked as an office assistant for the Oregon Land Company. Oregon Land Company is a real estate company located in Salem and owned by his uncle. He was not able to attend high school but learned bookkeeping, math and typing by attending night school.

As an orphan, this led the young Hoover become self-reliant, industrious and independent. He maintained the values imparted by his religious mother. He grew up with great concern for less fortunate people. His passion for helping the poor, the abandoned and the oppressed, helped mold his character, evident throughout his life.

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This passion led him to be known as the most humanitarian President in the History of the United States. He remained simple in all his ways and embraced the humble demeanour Quakers are known for. This is evident in his speech, dressing, and socializing.

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InHoover entered Stanford University. This is where he met his soon to be wife, Lou Henry Hoover. While he was at Stanford, he was the manager for the football and baseball teams. Inboth Hoover and his girlfriend, Lou Henry, graduated with a degree in Geology. He was 23 years old when he was appointed as a mine manager. It was during this time that he married Lou Henry. They had two sons, Herbert, Jr. When the Boxer Rebellion broke out in Tianjin onHoover helped the US Marines battle the enemy as he guided them using his familiarity with the territory.

He became an independent mining consultant in During World War I, Hoover assisted in organizing the homecoming of more than one hundred thousand Americans trapped in Europe. He headed hundreds of volunteers as they distributed relief goods, clothing and cash.

When Germany invaded Belgium, food became scarce leaving many Belgians starving. Hoover made every effort to ensure that food was sent to Belgium through the formation of the Commission for Relief in Belgium.

List of presidents of the United States

While managing this commission, they were able to feed the entire country during the invasion. He became an international hero as he helped feed a lot of war victims persuading German authorities to allow them to ship relief goods to areas where there was a scarcity of supply.

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By Aprilthe United States of America opted to enter the war.Herbert Clark Hoover August 10, — October 20, was an American politician, businessman, and engineer, who served as the 31st president of the United States from to A member of the Republican Partyhe held office during the onset of the Great Depression. Before serving as president, Hoover led the Commission for Relief in Belgiumserved as the director of the U.

31st president of us

Food Administrationand served as the third U. Secretary of Commerce. After the outbreak of World War Ihe became the head of the Commission for Relief in Belgium, an international relief organization that provided food to occupied Belgium.

When the U. Hoover's war-time service made him a favorite of many progressivesand he unsuccessfully sought the Republican nomination in the presidential election. After the election, newly elected Republican President Warren G. Hoover was an unusually active and visible cabinet member, becoming known as "Secretary of Commerce and Under-Secretary of all other departments". He was influential in the development of air travel and radio.

He led the federal response to the Great Mississippi Flood of Hoover won the Republican nomination in the presidential electionand decisively defeated the Democratic candidate, Al Smith. The stock market crashed shortly after Hoover took office, and the Great Depression became the central issue of his presidency.

Hoover pursued a variety of policies in an attempt to lift the economy, but opposed directly involving the federal government in relief efforts. In the midst of the economic crisis, Hoover was decisively defeated by Democratic nominee Franklin D.

Roosevelt in the presidential election. After leaving office, Hoover enjoyed one of the longest retirements of any former president, and he authored numerous works in subsequent decades. Hoover became increasingly conservative in this time, and he strongly criticized Roosevelt's foreign policy and New Deal domestic agenda.

In the s and s, Hoover's public reputation was slightly rehabilitated by serving in various assignments for Presidents Harry S.

Truman and Dwight D. Eisenhowerincluding as chairman of the Hoover Commission. Though he managed somewhat to rehabilitate his legacy, Hoover is still widely regarded as an inadequate U. After a brief stay with one of his grandmothers in Kingsley, IowaHoover lived the next 18 months with his uncle Allen Hoover in West Branch at a nearby farm.

One observer described Hoover as "an orphan [who] seemed to be neglected in many ways". Though he did not attend high school, Hoover learned bookkeeping, typing, and mathematics at a night school. Hoover was a member of the inaugural "Pioneer Class" of Stanford Universityentering in despite failing all the entrance exams except mathematics.

During his sophomore year, to reduce his costs, Hoover co-founded the first student housing cooperative at Stanford, "Romero Hall". When Hoover graduated from Stanford inthe country was in the midst of the Panic ofand he initially struggled to find a job. Hoover traveled constantly across the Outback to evaluate and manage the company's mines. Hoover's work impressed his employers, and in he was promoted to junior partner.

He publicly warned that Chinese workers were inefficient and racially inferior. Fearing the imminent collapse of the Chinese government, the director of the Chinese Engineering and Mining Company agreed to establish a new Sino-British venture with Bewick, Moreing. After Hoover and Bewick, Moreing established effective control over the new Chinese mining company, Hoover became the operating partner of Bewick, Moreing in late Herbert Hoover gained a reputation as a humanitarian in World War I by leading hunger-relief efforts in Europe as head of the American Relief Administration.

From there the Republican moved into the post of U. Lawrence Seaway and the Hoover Dam. InHoover was elected president, but eight months later the stock market crash of occurred, ushering in the Great Depression.

Hoover was born on August 10,in West Branch, Iowa, and was the first president born west of the Mississippi River. When Hoover was 6 years old, his father died. Three years later his mother also died, and Hoover was then raised in Oregon by his maternal aunt and uncle.

A lifelong humanitarian, as an adult, Hoover was in China during the Boxer Rebellionand he organized the relief efforts for trapped foreigners. Four years later, he helped Americans stranded in Europe when World War I began, and for three years after, he headed the Commission for Relief in Belgium, helping to procure food for 9 million Belgians in the aftermath of the massive encroachment of German troops.

His effectiveness prompted President Woodrow Wilson to appoint Hoover head of the Food Administration, which diverted American agricultural products overseas to American troops. President Warren G. Harding then picked Hoover to be his secretary of commerce, as did President Calvin Coolidge after him. In this role, he was the driving force behind such projects as the St. When President Coolidge decided not to run for another term, Hoover was nominated as the Republican candidate in He ran against New York governor Alfred E.

Smith and won in a landslide. He also contacted business leaders and urged them not to cut wages or lay off workers, and inhe backed the establishment of the Reconstruction Finance Corporation, a lending institution intended to help banks and industries in their recovery efforts. Unfortunately, none of these approaches helped the foundering economy, and Hoover watched helplessly while businesses closed their doors and Americans sank into poverty.

He also made a critical mistake in signing into law the Smoot-Hawley Act, which raised taxes on imports and prompted foreign nations to turn their backs on American-made goods when the country desperately needed sales.

He was working on another book when he died in New York City inat age The 31st president has been the subject of several biographies, including a multi-volume work by historian George H. Injournalist Kenneth Whyte introduced a new profile to the collection, Hoover: An Extraordinary Life in Extraordinary Timeswhich explored the former president's lengthy record of public service and the events that shaped his personality and decision-making.

We strive for accuracy and fairness. If you see something that doesn't look right, contact us! Subscribe to the Biography newsletter to receive stories about the people who shaped our world and the stories that shaped their lives. As director of the FBI, J. Edgar Hoover had rabid anti-Communist and anti-subversive views and used unconventional tactics to monitor related activity.

Larry Hoover, also known as "King Larry," is the notorious former leader of the Black Gangster Disciple Nation, a Chicago street gang that spread nationwide. Chester A.

Arthur was the 21st president of the United States. He served as vice president at the time President James Garfield was assassinated, and acceded to the presidency thereafter. Franklin D. Roosevelt and his New Deal led the nation through the Great Depression. Elected to four terms, his presidency helped ensure victory in World War II. Benjamin Harrison is best known as the 23rd president of the United States.

He was the grandson of President William Henry Harrison. Richard Nixon was the 37th U. Herbert Hoover was the 31st president of the United States, whose term was notably marked by the stock market crash of and the beginnings of the Great Depression.Son of a Quaker blacksmith, Herbert Clark Hoover brought to the Presidency an unparalleled reputation for public service as an engineer, administrator, and humanitarian. Born in an Iowa village inhe grew up in Oregon. He enrolled at Stanford University when it opened ingraduating as a mining engineer.

For almost a month the settlement was under heavy fire. While his wife worked in the hospitals, Hoover directed the building of barricades, and once risked his life rescuing Chinese children. One week before Hoover celebrated his 40th birthday in London, Germany declared war on France, and the American Consul General asked his help in getting stranded tourists home. In six weeks his committee helpedAmericans return to the United States.

Next Hoover turned to a far more difficult task, to feed Belgium, which had been overrun by the German army. He succeeded in cutting consumption of foods needed overseas and avoided rationing at home, yet kept the Allies fed. After the Armistice, Hoover, a member of the Supreme Economic Council and head of the American Relief Administration, organized shipments of food for starving millions in central Europe.

He extended aid to famine-stricken Soviet Russia in Whatever their politics, they shall be fed! Yet within months the stock market crashed, and the Nation spiraled downward into depression. After the crash Hoover announced that while he would keep the Federal budget balanced, he would cut taxes and expand public works spending. In repercussions from Europe deepened the crisis, even though the President presented to Congress a program asking for creation of the Reconstruction Finance Corporation to aid business, additional help for farmers facing mortgage foreclosures, banking reform, a loan to states for feeding the unemployed, expansion of public works, and drastic governmental economy.

At the same time he reiterated his view that while people must not suffer from hunger and cold, caring for them must be primarily a local and voluntary responsibility. His opponents in Congress, who he felt were sabotaging his program for their own political gain, unfairly painted him as a callous and cruel President.

Hoover became the scapegoat for the Depression and was badly defeated in In President Truman appointed Hoover to a commission, which elected him chairman, to reorganize the Executive Departments.

He was appointed chairman of a similar commission by President Eisenhower in Over the years, Hoover wrote many articles and books, one of which he was working on when he died at 90 in New York City on October 20, The Presidential biographies on WhiteHouse.

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You have JavaScript disabled. Please enable JavaScript to use this feature. Toggle High Contrast. James K. Polk The 11th President of the United States. Ulysses S. Grant The 18th President of the United States. Rutherford B. Hayes The 19th President of the United States.

Chester A. Arthur The 21st President of the United States. Warren G.

31st president of us

Harding The 29th President of the United States. Franklin D. Roosevelt The 32nd President of the United States. Harry S. Truman The 33rd President of the United States. Dwight D. Eisenhower The 34th President of the United States. John F. Kennedy The 35th President of the United States.

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Lyndon B. Johnson The 36th President of the United States.

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Richard M. Nixon The 37th President of the United States. Gerald R. Ford The 38th President of the United States. George H. Bush The 41st President of the United States. William J.As the Depression deepened, Hoover failed to recognize the severity of the situation or leverage the power of the federal government to squarely address it. A successful mining engineer before entering politics, the Iowa-born president was widely viewed as callous and insensitive toward the suffering of millions of desperate Americans.

As a result, Hoover was soundly defeated in the presidential election by Democrat Franklin D. Roosevelt He was the second of three children in a family of Quakerswho valued honesty, industriousness and simplicity. His father, Jesse Clark Hooverworked as a blacksmith, and his mother, Hulda Minthorn Hooverwas a teacher. Orphaned at age nine, Hoover was raised primarily by an uncle in Oregon.

After attending Quaker schools, Hoover became part of the first class to enter Stanford University when it opened in He graduated four years later with a degree in geology and launched a lucrative career as a mining engineer.

31st president of us

Intelligent and hardworking, Hoover traveled all over the world to find valuable mineral deposits and establish business enterprises to extract the resources. His work made him a multimillionaire. On February 10,Hoover married his college sweetheart, Lou Henryand the couple had two sons, Herbert and Allan Henry At the start of World War IHoover dedicated his talents to humanitarian work.

He helpedstranded American tourists return home from Europe when the hostilities broke out, and coordinated the delivery of food and supplies to citizens of Belgium after that country was overrun by Germany. When the U. Hoover encouraged Americans to reduce their consumption of meat and other commodities in order to ensure a steady supply of food and clothing for the Allied troops. Once the war ended, Hoover, as head of the American Relief Administration, arranged shipments of food and aid to war-ravaged Europe.

During the fast-paced modernization of the s, Hoover played an active role in organizing the fledgling radio broadcasting and civilian aviation industries, and also laid the groundwork for the construction of a huge dam on the Colorado River between Arizona and Nevada. Named for Hoover, the dam opened in In the U. Promising to bring continued peace and prosperity to the nation, he carried 40 states and defeated Democratic candidate Alfred E.

Smiththe governor of New Yorkby a record margin of electoral votes. On October 24, —only seven months after Hoover took office—a precipitous drop in the value of the U. Banks and businesses failed across the country.

Nationwide unemployment rates rose from 3 percent in to 23 percent in Millions of Americans lost their jobs, homes and savings. Many people were forced to wait in bread lines for food and to live in squalid shantytowns known derisively as Hoovervilles.

Hoover undertook various measures designed to stimulate the economy, and a few of the programs he introduced became key components of later relief efforts. He believed in a limited role for government and worried that excessive federal intervention posed a threat to capitalism and individualism. He felt that assistance should be handled on a local, voluntary basis.

Accordingly, Hoover vetoed several bills that would have provided direct relief to struggling Americans. By the time of the presidential election, Hoover had become a deeply unpopular—even reviled—figure across much of the country.

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Carrying only six states, he was soundly defeated by Democratic candidate Franklin D. Rooseveltthe governor of New York, who promised to enact a slate of progressive reforms and economic relief programs that he described as a New Deal for the American people.

He wrote articles and books outlining his conservative political views and warning about the dangers of investing too much power in the federal government. Hoover returned to public service in the s, serving on commissions aimed at increasing government efficiency for presidents Harry Truman and Dwight Eisenhower By the time Hoover died at age 90 on October 20,in New York Cityassessments of his legacy had grown more favorable. Start your free trial today.


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