Joshua 6 10 commentary

And Joshua had commanded the peopleWhen he gave them their orders to pass on, and compass the city, Joshua. This profound silence was to be observed, to add to the gravity and solemnity of the procession; and on account of the surprising miracle that was to be wrought, and particularly because of the ark, the symbol of the divine Presence, borne before them; and when God in his providence was about to speak in so awful a manner, and to do such a surprising work, it was very fit and decent that they should be silent before him; see Habakkuk.

And Joshua had commanded the people, saying, Ye shall not shout, nor make any noise with your voice, neither shall any word proceed out of your mouth, until the day I bid you shout; then shall ye shout.

Ye shall not shout — Because shouting before the time appointed, would be ineffectual, and so might give them some discouragement, and their enemies matter of insulting. Joshua And Joshua had commanded the people, saying, Ye shall not shout, nor make any noise with your voice, neither shall [any] word proceed out of your mouth, until the day I bid you shout; then shall ye shout.

Ye shall not shout, nor make any noise. Ye shall not shout; because shouting before the time appointed would be ineffectual, and so might give them some discouragement, and their enemies matter of insulting. The people were ordered not to make any sound while they marched. They were to march in total silence, without shouting, without talking, without a murmur. There was to be total silence, until Joshua gave the order and then they were to shout loudly.

This would have an unnerving effect on the watchers who would have expected taunts and battlecries. The latter would have enabled them to shout back and build up their own resistance, but shouting at a silent enemy was a waste of energy. The silence stressed the presence of YHWH among them. In His presence none dared speak Habakkuk Their shout would declare His triumph Psalms Neither shall any word proceed out of your mouth — The injunction of silence was necessary that they might distinctly hear the signal for the shout in concert.

Moreover, the very silence of a vast army marching in stillness around the city would either lull the inhabitants into a feeling of security, or fill their minds with fearful forebodings of approaching doom. Six days — Is there any parallelism between the seven trumpets and downfall of Jericho, and the apocalyptic seven trumpets and overthrow, by Messianic power, of the Mystical Babylon?

This, in our view, was the apocalypse of the overthrow of, not the Antichrist, but the anti-Jehovism of Canaan.Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password.

Now Jericho was straitly shut up --This verse is a parenthesis introduced to prepare the way for the directions given by the Captain of the Lord's host.

See, I have given into thine hand Jericho --The language intimates that a purpose already formed was about to be carried into immediate execution; and that, although the king and inhabitants of Jericho were fierce and experienced warriors, who would make a stout and determined resistance, the Lord promised a certain and easy victory over them. Hebrew, "horns of jubilee"; that is, the bent or crooked trumpets with which the jubilee was proclaimed. It is probable that the horns of this animal were used at first; and that afterwards, when metallic trumpets were introduced, the primitive name, as well as form of them, was traditionally continued.

The design of this whole proceeding was obviously to impress the Canaanites with a sense of the divine omnipotence, to teach the Israelites a memorable lesson of faith and confidence in God's promises, and to inspire sentiments of respect and reverence for the ark as the symbol of His presence. The length of time during which those circuits were made tended the more intensely to arrest the attention, and to deepen the impressions, both of the Israelites and the enemy.

Fedez bella storia translation

Joshua The procession was made in deep and solemn silence, conforming to the instructions given to the people by their leader at the outset, that they were to refrain from all acclamation and noise of any kind until he should give them a signal. It must have been a strange sight; no mound was raised, no sword drawn, no engine planted, no pioneers undermining--here were armed men, but no stroke given; they must walk and not fight.

Joshua rose early in the morning, and the priests took up the ark of the Lord --The second day's procession seems to have taken place in the morning. In all other respects, down even to the smallest details, the arrangements of the first day continued to be the rule followed on the other six.

It is evident, however, that the militia only of the Israelites had been called to the march--for it is inconceivable that two millions of people could have gone so frequently round the city in a day. Joshua said unto the people, Shout; for the Lord hath given you the city --This delay brought out their faith and obedience in so remarkable a manner, that it is celebrated by the apostle Hebrews When such a ban was pronounced against a hostile city, the men and animals were killed--no booty was allowed to be taken.

Everything was either to be destroyed or consecrated to the sanctuary. Joshua pronounced this ban on Jericho, a great and wealthy city, evidently by divine direction. The severity of the doom, accordant with the requirements of a law which was holy, just, and good, was justified, not only by the fact of its inhabitants being part of a race who had filled up their iniquities, but by their resisting the light of the recent astonishing miracle at the Jordan.

Besides, as Jericho seems to have been defended by reinforcements from all the country Joshuaits destruction would paralyze all the rest of the devoted people, and thus tend to facilitate the conquest of the land; showing, as so astounding a military miracle did, that it was done, not by man, but by the power and through the anger, of God. But this, as the first fruits of Canaan, was made an exception; nothing was to be spared but Rahab and those in her house [ Joshua ].

A violation of these stringent orders would not only render the guilty persons obnoxious to the curse, but entail distress and adversity upon all Israel, by provoking the divine displeasure.

These were the instructions given, or repeated Deuteronomy, previous to the last act of the siege. Joshua Joshua So the people shouted when the priests blew with the trumpets --Towards the close of the seventh circuit, the signal was given by Joshua, and on the Israelites raising their loud war cry, the walls fell down, doubtless burying multitudes of the inhabitants in the ruins, while the besiegers, rushing in, consigned everything animate and inanimate to indiscriminate destruction Deuteronomy Deuteronomy Jewish writers mention it as an immemorial tradition that the city fell on the Sabbath.

It should be remembered that the Canaanites were incorrigible idolaters, addicted to the most horrible vices, and that the righteous judgment of God might sweep them away by the sword, as well as by famine or pestilence. There was mercy mingled with judgment in employing the sword as the instrument of punishing the guilty Canaanites, for while it was directed against one place, time was afforded for others to repent. Joshua had said. Go into the harlot's house, and bring out thence the woman, and all that she hath --It is evident that the town walls were not demolished universally, at least all at once, for Rahab's house was allowed to stand until her relatives were rescued according to promise.

joshua 6 10 commentary

Joshua adjured them at that time --that is, imposed upon his countrymen a solemn oath, binding on themselves as well as their posterity, that they would never rebuild that city. Its destruction was designed by God to be a permanent memorial of His abhorrence of idolatry and its attendant vices. Cursed be the man.Now Jericho was securely shut up because of the children of Israel; none went out, and none came in.

I have given Jericho into your hand, its king, and the mighty men of valor. You shall march around the city, all you men of war; you shall go all around the city once. This you shall do six days. But the seventh day you shall march around the city seven times, and the priests shall blow the trumpets.

And the people shall go up every man straight before him.

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Now Jericho was securely shut up because of the children of Israel : Jericho itself was on full alert; from a human perspective, this would be a hard, if not impossible, battle.

Up to this point everything had been more or less preliminary and preparatory. Now the real task before them must be faced and tackled. The Canaanites must be dispossessed if Israel is to occupy what God has promised them.

Jericho was not an exceptionally large city; but it was an important, formidable fortress city. If Israel could defeat Jericho, they could defeat anything else that would face them in Canaan.

Again, we see the wisdom of God as opposed to human wisdom, in that Israel faces their most difficult opponent first. You shall march around the city : The method of warfare was one that made absolutely no sense according to military intelligence. It required total dependence on God. It required great faith from Joshua because he had to explain and lead the nation in this plan.

It required great faith from the elders and the nation, because they had to follow Joshua in this plan.

joshua 6 10 commentary

The wall of the city will fall down flat. And the people shall go up every man straight before him : It was a plan for victory whereby it would clearly be the work of the LORD. Yet God gave them something to do, so that Israel could work in partnership with God.

Then Joshua the son of Nun called the priests : Joshua had to tell the priests, because what they were asked to do was unusual. Normally, priests and the ark of the covenant did not go with Israel to battle. Take up the ark of the covenant : The ark would be prominent in this victory, even as it was in the crossing of the Jordan River.

Israel had to keep their hearts and minds on the LORD who was present with them, instead of putting their hearts and minds on the difficulty of the task in front of them. And he said to the people : Joshua had to tell the people, because what they were asked to do was unusual.

This was no customary way to conquer a walled, fortified city. The armed men went before the priests who blew the trumpets, and the rear guard came after the ark, while the priests continued blowing the trumpets. Then they came into the camp and lodged in the camp.

Joshua 10 – The Southern Kings Conquered

And the armed men went before them. But the rear guard came after the ark of the LORD, while the priests continued blowing the trumpets. And the second day they marched around the city once and returned to the camp. So they did six days.Crucial to the entire conquest of Canaan was the capture of the strategically-important bastion of Jericho which controlled the approaches to the highlands. Enemies of the Word of God have probably wasted more ink in trying to discredit or destroy the record of this wonderful chapter than they have wasted on any other project except a denial of the resurrection of Christ.

That Israel's capture of Jericho was by Divine and miraculous assistance is the unqualified declaration of this chapter, but nothing stops the mouths of the unbelievers who simply will not have it so!

Note the following:. To all such unbelieving "explanations" of the wonder that is recorded in this chapter, Keil has this appropriate reply:.

Keil's words in the above quotation strike us as being entirely true, and yet we do not think it may fairly be denied that God's frequent use of the NATURAL world in the achievement of His purpose might also, in ways unknown to us, have been a feature of this wonder here.

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The expedition of John Garstang resulted in the conclusion that the site of ancient Jericho had been discovered, and, that, according to the archeological evidence it had been destroyed between B. There is too much uncertainty about that.

As Morton put it, "This is inconclusive. Furthermore, archeologists have simply NOT demonstrated their ability to arrive at trustworthy estimates of ancient dates. The comment of J. Thompson on this subject do not in any way destroy the general opinion about Jericho as outlined by Garstang. As regards the size of Jericho, it was by no means a large city by modern standards, nevertheless a very powerful and important city.

Woudstra gave the dimensions of a number of ancient cities thus: 1 Jericho was meters, about meters in circumference. With these preliminary considerations, we now turn our attention to the text itself, assured that it has already successfully weathered the attacks of over 3, years by those who have sought in vain to discredit it. And ye shall compass the city, all the men of war, going about the city once. Thus thou shalt do six days. And seven priests shall bear seven trumpets of rams' horns before the ark: and the seventh day ye shall compass the city seven times, and the priests shall blow the trumpets.

And it shall be that when they make a long blast with the ram's horn, and when ye hear the sound of the trumpet, all the people shall shout with a great shout; and the wall of the city shall fall down flat, and the people shall go up every man straight before him. And Joshua the son of Nun called the priests, and said unto them, Take up the ark of the covenant, and let seven priests bear seven trumpets of rams' horns before the ark of Jehovah.

And they said unto the people, Pass on, and compass the city, and let the armed men pass on before the ark of Jehovah. This description of the manner in which Joshua is to proceed against Jericho must have shocked Joshua. If there had ever been anything in the history of the world more calculated to invite the contempt and merriment of the citizens of Jericho, we have never heard of it.

Think of the frustrations, day after day, from all that ceremonial marching, and all the taunts and gleeful laughter that must have been hurled at them by the citizens of Jericho. It is a wonder then, as suggested by Pink, that some of the Israelites, at least did not cry out, "What is the use of prolonging this business?

The ASV and many other recent versions have mistranslated the words here given as "rams' horns.

Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Critics have been frustrated trying to find something wrong with this narrative. Holmes stated that, "It is so skillfully compiled that at first sight there is not much fault to find. All of the people had already moved inside the walls preparatory to the beginning of the assault upon the city which they expected. The exact order of the march can be determined here by a careful study of the first eleven verses.

Woudstra gave this as follows: 1 A military contingent goes around the city; 2 the heavily armed go first Joshua ,9 ; 3 then the priests with the horns Joshua ; 4 the ark also carried by priests; and 5 finally the rear guard.

Continuing exactly in the style of ancient Hebrew writing, these verses give additional instructions scattered throughout the narrative and not concentrated at the beginning of an episode, as we might have expected. We have noticed this so often in the Bible that the absence of it would be cause for question.

And the armed men went before the priests that blew the trumpets, and the rearward went after the ark, the priests blowing the trumpets as they went. And Joshua commanded the people, saying, Ye shall not shout, or let your voice be heard, neither shall any word proceed out of your mouth, until the day I bid you shout; then shall ye shout. So he caused the ark of Jehovah to compass the city, going about it once: and they came into the camp, and lodged in the camp. It is clear from these verses that the priests continually blew on the trumpets throughout the full time of the march around the city every day.

Also, notice that in Joshua's summary of what was done, only the ark is mentioned as having been caused by Joshua that, is by Joshua's command to compass Jericho Joshuaindicating the priority and importance of the ark in this narrative. And the seven priests bearing the seven trumpets of rams' horns before the ark of Jehovah went on continually, and blew the trumpets; and the armed men went before them; and the rearward came after the ark of Jehovah, the priests blowing the trumpets as they went.

And the second day they compassed the city once, and returned into the camp: so they did six days.Now it came to pass when Adoni-Zedek king of Jerusalem heard how Joshua had taken Ai and had utterly destroyed it; as he had done to Jericho and its king, so he had done to Ai and its king; and how the inhabitants of Gibeon had made peace with Israel and were among them, that they feared greatly, because Gibeon was a great city, like one of the royal cities, and because it was greater than Ai, and all its men were mighty.

He understood that the armies of Israel would soon come against all the cities of Canaan. Especially troubling was the news that they had utterly destroyed both Jericho and Ai — that is, that they had brought the unique judgment of God against the Canaanites and did not take any plunder or profit from the cities.

Adoni-Zedek also had reason to be concerned from a strategic perspective. The previous victories across the middle of Canaan effectively separated Canaan between north and south.

It provided access to the coastal plain and lowlands to the west via the Beth Horon pass. And how the inhabitants of Gibeon had made peace with Israel : In addition, the surrender and subordination of the Gibeonites caused Adoni-Zedek to be afraid.

Bible Commentaries

Gibeon was a great city and its men were mighty — if they surrendered to Israel, things were bad for Canaanites. The Gibeonites did not submit to Israel out of a position of weakness; indeed, all its men were mighty. Yet it was because of their love and honor of the God of Israel that they submitted to perpetual service in His tabernacle.

They feared greatly : Fear did not make the Canaanites surrender. It made them organize and fight, and Adoni-Zedek became the leader of the southern Canaanite kings.

The enemies of Israel feared greatly ; but like our spiritual enemies, they did not retreat but launched even more bold attacks, as a wild animal might fight when it feels attacked. Since Israel occupied the land to their north, he could not get help from the kings of northern Canaan. What Adoni-Zedek did was not unusual.

These letters, part of the collection known as the Armana letters, are longer and more literate than the contemporary missives of other Palestinian town leaders. King of Jerusalem… king of Hebron… king of Jarmuth… king of Lachish… king of Eglon : This again displays that the Canaanites were organized as city-states instead of one unified nation. It took the leadership of Adoni-Zedek to bring them together. Each one of these cities — Jerusalem, Jarmuth, Lachish, Eglon, and Hebron were important cities either for their location or for the trade routes associated with them.

That we may attack Gibeon : Though they were afraid, they were still clever. Afraid to attack Israel directly, they attacked their subjects, the Gibeonites. Do not forsake your servants; come up to us quickly, save us and help us : The Gibeonites rightly looked to the people of Israel as their helpers and protectors.

They were not too proud to call for help. Just like the Gibeonites claimed protection on the basis of covenant, so do we because of our participation in the New Covenant. So Joshua ascended from Gilgal, he and all the people of war with him, and all the mighty men of valor. So Joshua ascended from Gilgal : We saw that in Joshua 9, Joshua, the leaders of Israel, and all the people of Israel knew they made a bad vow to the Gibeonites, yet they did not turn their backs on that vow.

This is the first example in Joshua of counterattack — the enemy initiating a battle against Israel. He and all the people of war with him, and all the mighty men of valor : Joshua not only kept the vow made to the Gibeonites, but he kept it with great energy and dedication. He sent his best into this battle to defend Gibeon. Allowing these Canaanite kings to wipe out the Gibeonites would have been a convenient way to get out of a vow that should not have been made, but they will have none of it.The people obey God by walking around the wall II.

God gives victory, but the things in the city are under the ban Verse 1 — The people in the city knew Israel was near and closed everything up. Jericho was known for its massive fortifications.

It was an extremely strong and powerful city, with good defenses. Verses — If most armies had heard a commander give this strategy they would have laughed. How can walking and blowing trumpets knock down a strong wall?

With man it is impossible, but with God it was impossible. This was the first city they had attacked. God wanted to teach them a lesson.

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It was only through His strength. Psalms Faith and obedience were essential. Here is the same lesson we have seen God teaching the Israelites in the first several chapters of this book.

The lesson is that they must learn not to lean on their own understanding and not to trust in their own strength. How would you have planned to take this city?

Joshua 6:10

Some common strategies might be: sneaking in and opening the doors suddenly or building ladders to scale the wall or tricking the people to come out of the city. God did not need to rely on those strategies. Notice that though the victory belonged to the Lord, the people also had a responsibility. If the people did not obey God and do it His way, He would not have knocked the walls down.

Disobedience would result in failure. It is interesting that God designed this plan and many others like this.

Application : This is also how we can have victory in our lives. God not only wanted to teach this to the Israelites, but also to the people in the city and the surrounding nations. God is a jealous God. So when you are successful, praise God. When you fail, examine yourselves and see if it might be because of your own sin or disobedience. Also, we should make a habit to always seek guidance from the Lord before making decisions and plans, or taking important steps in our lives.

Are you trusting in your intelligence or money or strength instead of in the Lord?And Joshua had commanded the people, saying, Ye shall not shout, nor make any noise with your voice, neither shall any word proceed out of your mouth, until the day I bid you shout; then shall ye shout.

Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary. Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary. Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible. Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges. The cheerful uniform obedience of Israel to Joshua stands in very remarkable contrast with their perpetual murmurings and rebellions under Moses.

Many reasons probably concurred in bringing about this change of tone. For one thing the long period of suspense was over; and to average sense-bound people there is no greater trial of faith and submission than waiting, inactive, for something that is to come.

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Now they are face to face with their enemies, and it is a great deal easier to fight than to expect; and their courage mounts higher as dangers come nearer. Then there were great miracles which left their impression upon the people, such as the passage of the Jordan, and so on. For, if you will read the narrative carefully, you will see that it says that the Israelites were not told what was to be the end of that apparently useless and aimless promenade.

It was only on the morning of the day of the miracle that it was announced. So there are two stages in this instance of faith. There is the protracted trial of it, in doing an apparently useless thing; and there is the victory, which explains and vindicates it.

Let us look at these two points now. Consider that strange protracted trial of faith. If Moses had called for a like obedience from the people in their wilderness mood, there would have been no end of grumbling.

But whatever some of them may have thought, there is nothing recorded now but prompt submission. Notice, too, the order of the procession. So the Ark is the centre; and it is not only Israel that is marching round the city, but rather it is God who is circling the walls. Very impressive would be the grim silence of it all.

Now, what did all that mean? The blast of the trumpet was, in the Jewish feasts, the solemn proclamation of the presence of God. And so round the city they went, and day by day they did the thing in which their faith apprehended its true meaning, and which, by reason of their faith, they were willing to do.

Let us take some lessons from that. Here is a confidence in the divine presence, manifested by unquestioning obedience to a divine command.

And so here goes! It would have been a great deal easier to have stopped in the tents. It was disheartening work marching round thus. The sceptical spirit in the host-the folk of whom there are many great-grandchildren living to-day, who always have objections to urge when disagreeable duties are crammed up against their faces-would have enough to say on that occasion, but the bulk of the people were true, and obeyed.

Now, we do not need to put out the eyes of our understanding in order to practise the obedience of faith. And we have to exercise common-sense about the things that seem to us to be duties. But this is plain, that if once we see a thing to be, in Christian language, the will of our Father in heaven, then everything is settled; and there is only one course for us, and that is, unquestioning submission, active submission, or, what is as hard, passive submission.

Then here again is faith manifesting itself by an obedience which was altogether ignorant of what was coming. I think that is quite plain in the story, if you will read it carefully, though I think that it is not quite what people generally understand as its meaning.

joshua 6 10 commentary

That is the way in which God generally deals with us.


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